Thiruvananthapuram, formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital of Kerala, a state in southern India. Thiruvananthapuram is bounded by Arabian Sea on the west and Tamil Nadu on its east. The city‟s name was reinstated in the year 1991. Thiruvananthapuram is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in God‟s Own Country. Beaches, green hills, backwaters, wildlife sanctuaries, and islands are all accessible from this enchanting city. Thiruvananthapuram, though serving as a base for other destinations, has its own attractions. Elegant architecture, holy places, beautiful beaches, Ayurveda centres, shopping malls, and so much more can be found here. Trivandrum is a fascinating getaway to start or end your Kerala vacation. The lovely capital city is the centre of industry and development, but it is mostly seen as a gateway to Kovalam by tourists. It is known as the “Paradise of the South” because it is one of India’s most beautiful beaches, located 16 kilometres from Trivandrum. In the local language, “Kovalam” translates to “grove of coconut trees.” The town welcomes visitors with a view of endless coconut trees, a crescent-shaped shoreline, and three beaches. Wonderful palaces, sacred temples, fascinating museums with a rich history and culture, and mesmerising beaches are among the must-see attractions.
The Napier Museum’s Indo-Saracen architecture houses a rare collection of archaeological and historical artefacts, as well as other ancient ornaments, ivory and wooden carvings, and other ancient ornaments. At the Kuthiramalika Palace, one will be astonished at the Travancore-style architecture and the priceless paintings, traditional furniture and royal memorabilia. The Lighthouse Beach is the town’s most popular attraction, offering a stunning view of the Vizhinjam mosque. Samudra, the northern beach, is laid-back, and time seems to stand still here. The availability of excellent lodging complements the scenic and serene atmosphere. The town’s restaurants serve both western and Indian cuisine, with grilled seafood specialties including lobster, king prawns, and kalamari fresh from the sea at Kovalam. . The Hawah Beach, last but not least, is a hive of activity. From early morning fishermen heading out to sea to swimming in the quiet bay of blue waters to romantic walks and activities on moonlit nights, there is something for everyone.
The town’s history begins when it was discovered by seafarers and grew to become the capital of the Kingdom of Travancore. Thiruvananthapuram has a long and illustrious history. According to legend, the ancient kingdom of Ophir, which was situated here and was known as Poovar at the time, had trade relations with Solomon’s kingdom and exported spices, ivory, and sandalwood. The Ay Dynasty, which has origins in today’s Tamil Nadu, ruled it. The rulers of the neighbouring kingdom of Kollam, who controlled Thiruvananthapuram for centuries, defeated them. In the 18th century, they were defeated by Marthanda Varman of the House of Travancore. Thiruvananthapuram became the capital of his empire. The city’s heyday occurred during this period, when Maharaja Swathi Thirunal reigned and it became a centre of art and culture. Thiruvananthapuram was chosen as the new state’s capital after independence and the establishment of Kerala.
Best Tourist Attractions in Thiruvananthapuram
Kuthiramalika,’ means “palace of horses,” a visitor reaching here will be greeted by 122 smiling wooden horses. It is a pristine two-story palace near the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram. Kuthiramalika Palace Museum is also known as Puthenmalika Palace Museum. Swathi Thirunal Balarama Varma, who was Maharaja of the Kingdom of Travancore in British India built Kuthiramalika in 1840.
Padmanabhapuram Palace is an ancient palace with an amazing architecture that is a striking example of art and craftsmanship. The unparalleled elegance of this wooden palace, built in the 16th century, is sure to entice any visitor. This palace was designed by Ravipillai Ravivarma Kulasekhara Perumal of Travancore Kingdom at the foothills of Veli Hills, a part of the Western Ghats in Thuckalay in the district of Thiruvanathapuram.
Napier Museum is located in the Museum compound near the Zoological Park, lies in the heart of Thiruvananthapuram city. Constructed in the 19th century, Napir museum has its own natural air-conditioning system. Bronze idols, antique ornaments, ivory carvings and a temple chariot are among the historical artefacts on display. People are astounded by the Japanese shadow-play leather used to represent the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics.
Kanakakkunnu palace is said to have been constructed in the 19th century during the reign of Sri Moolam Thirunal, the then-king of the Trivandrum district. Since then, it has become a popular tourist destination for locals and history lovers.
The Priyadarshini Planetarium in Thiruvananthapuram, which opened in 1994, is one of the most versatile planetariums in the world. Everyone will learn something new by watching the show in the planetarium. It has excellent facilities, including well-placed seating and air-conditioned spaces.
Vizhinjam Rock-cut Cave
The Vizhinjam Rock-cut Cave is the smallest rock-cut shrine in southern India, dating back to the 8th century with an independent sculpture of Dakshinamurthy at the centre and an incomplete Siva and Parvathi sculptures on either side of it.
The Thiruvananthapuram Zoo is one of India’s oldest zoos. The zoo is home to around 82 species of animals and is said to have been established in 1857 by Maharaja of Travancore.
Vizhinjam lighthouse, perched atop a mountain, is Kovalam’s highest lighthouse, offering a breath-taking view of the sea. Vizhinjam lighthouse stands 35 metres tall, offers an awe-inspiring view of the sea from its highest point.
The Magic Planet, which claims to be the world’s first magic themed park is located in Thiruvananthapuram, is quickly becoming a popular tourist destination in Kerala. The doors to this enchanted castle have been flung open to the public, with the intention of highlighting the wonders of magic and discovering its infinite possibilities.
Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple
The Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, is located within the East Fort in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala, India. Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple has a long history dating back to the eighth century. The architectural styles of Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple is a combination of Kerala and Dravidian styles. It is thought to be the world’s richest temple. Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple has a long history dating back to the eighth century.
Hawa, also known as Eve’s Beach, is a stunning sight to behold, especially at night when the moonlight dances on the waves. It has always been a favourite location for tourists since it first appeared on the Kerala tourism map.
Kovalam is a world-famous beach with three crescent-shaped beaches adjacent to it. Since the 1930s, it has been a popular tourist destination. A large rocky promontory on the beach has built a lovely bay with calm waters that are suitable for swimming.
Sanghumukham beach, in the district of Thiruvananthapuram in kerala, has long been a popular tourist destination. Not only because of its proximity to the airport, but also because of its beautiful mermaid structure, Sagarakanyaka, built by Kanai Kunjiraman, a well-known local artist.
Varkala is a peaceful village in Thiruvananthapuram district. A lovely beach, a 2000-year-old Vishnu Temple and the Ashramam called Sivagiri mutt. All these tourist places are at a short distance from the varkala beach.
Chowara, a fishing village near Kovalam, is renowned for its beautiful scenery. The ancient Analothbhava Matha Church is located here in chowra. The Chowara Ayyappa Temple, situated on a hill above the Chowara beach, provides a bird‟s eye view of the beach and the Arabian Sea.
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
The Western Ghats’ Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary in Thiruvananthapuram is an exciting location to go on a lion safari. It has a crocodile farm, an elephant rehabilitation centre, and a variety of wildlife, including lions and deer. The sanctuary is also home to a variety of medicinal plants, dense plantations, and meadows, all of which make for a beautiful sight. A travel to the Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary is a must-do.
Veli Tourist Village
Unique boating and picnicking facilities are available at the Veli Tourist Village, which is situated where the Veli Lake meets the Arabian Sea. Veli Tourist Village is located in the district of Thiruvananthapuram. Visitors can rent pedal boats or paddleboats according to their needs. You can also walk through the gardens and have a fun picnic, or hire the boats for the whole journey. The view and atmosphere are truly one-of-a-kind.
Ponmudi hill station, in Kerala, is a lovely tourist destination where you can relax in the midst of nature. This hill station, literally meaning “Golden Peak,” is located in the Western Ghats and provides an unforgettable experience for all visitors. Ponmudi Hills, with its green hills, zigzagging paths, and picturesque cottages, is a great place to get away from the hustle and bustle of city life. Furthermore, the location is a perfect getaway for those who enjoy hill trekking and long lonely walks in beautiful landscapes. Ponmudi hill station is a visual treat for all nature lovers, with beautiful green valleys, cascading waterfalls, lakes and exquisite tea plantations. One can feel the amazing mountain life and bring back some treasured memories.
Poovar Island is a tourist destination in the Thiruvananthapuram district, situated at the southernmost tip of Kerala, near to the natural harbour of Vizhinjam. When the tides rise above their normal level, Poovar has an estuary that connects to the sea. This island was once a well-known timber, ivory, and spice trading base, and it played an important role during the Chola dynasty’s reign.
With an elevation of 1868 metres, Agastyakoodam, also known as Agastya Mala Hill, is Kerala’s second highest peak. Agastyakoodam is part of the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve and is situated within the Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary. It has a surreal natural beauty.
Akkulam Tourist Village
Akkulam Tourist Village, located on the banks of the Akkulam Lake, is home to some of Kerala’s most beautiful picnic spots. It’s a beautiful backwater getaway with a peaceful and serene atmosphere. It is 10 kilometres from Thiruvananthapuram city and offers a variety of boating opportunities. It has a well-equipped children’s park, as well as a paddle pool and also an adult swimming pool.
Experience Thiruvananthapuram’s ancient natural attraction, Madavoorpara, in a whole new light, away from the hustle and bustle of the capital, in a tiny sleepy hamlet. The rock-cut Shiva Temple here, which dates from the 9th century CE, is a place where history sleeps. Madavoorpara, a pristine destination 300 feet above sea level, is a popular pilgrimage and tourist destination. The cave temple and Bamboo Bridge are notable features of the region.
The Happy Land Water Theme Park
The Happy Land Water Theme Park is a perfect place for a family picnic or other business functions. Happy Land Water Theme Park’s mesmerising location and exciting rides transport you to an amusing world of joy and fun.
Sri Chitra Art Gallery
On September 25, 1935, the former Maharaja of Travancore, Sri Chitra Thirunal, opened the Sri Chitralayam, also known as the Sri Chitra Art Gallery, to the public for the pleasure, education, and production of artistic taste. It houses a series of paintings that reflect the various genres of painting in India, as well as a few from other parts of Asia with a strong Indian influence.
Wax Museum is the first wax museum in Kerala, and it is located near the South Street of Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple in Trivandrum. The varieties of models include freedom fighters, warriors, presidents, sportsmen, officials, film stars, and great kings.
This is the place to be if you want to spend your weekend in peace and tranquilly. The stream is not choppy. The sky was a pale ocher, illuminating the coconut palms on the land’s outskirts. Request a ride to Perumathura Pozhi from one of the boatmen (estuary)