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MUNNAR

Munnar is a quaint town and an awe-inspiring place located on the Western Ghats in the district of Idukki in Kerala. Munnar which is set at an altitude of 6000 feet was the summer resort of the erstwhile British rulers during colonial times. Munnar was named after its strategic position at the confluence of three rivers namely; the Muthirapuzha, Nallathanni, and Kundala. The word ‘Moonu’ and ‘Aru’ mean ‘three’ and ‘river,’ respectively. Munnar was later adapted for tea plant cultivation. Munnar still has traces of Kerala’s tea cultivation’s history on it. In the tourism map of this stunning destination, Neelakurinji or Strobilanthus has a special position. The flower, which blooms at an interval of twelve years, turns the entire valley into violet colour. People from all over the world come to experience this spectacular mountain scenery. Munnar is renowned for its lush green tree plantations, cascading waterfalls, misty hills, pristine valleys, exotic flora and fauna and trekking facilities.

Munnar is a spectacular spot in Kerala, and its enchanting beauty attracts thousands of tourists every year to visit and enjoy. The presence of three rivers that flow through this area, namely Mattupetti, Periavaru, and Nallathanni is one of the striking features of Munnar. Various viewpoints are here in Munnar offering an aerial view of the stunning valleys, mountains, and streams. Its serene hills, lovely lakes, and rocky terrains have made Munnar a more beautiful and ideal place for trekking and camping.

Some of the local attractions include Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary and Nilgiri Tahr attracts tourists to visit and experience this mesmerising beauty of Munnar. A pristine waterfall called Atukkad Waterfall is nestled between the beautiful hills of Munnar, and it’s the perfect spot for a romantic outing. Photopoint is another beautiful destination in Munnar, with a glistening stream and peaceful forests.

It’s a perfect place to take photos.

Facts about Munnar

Taluk : Devikulam
District: Idukki
State: Kerala
Country: India

Altitude :           1600 meters to 1800 meters above sea level

Tourist Season : October to March

Clothing :           Warm Clothes and Rain Gear

Temperature :    Min. 0 c – Max. 25 c

Area                 : 26.2 sq kms

Known for :        Tea plantations and cool climate

Boundaries

North : Coimbatore

South : Pallivassal Panchayath East : Vattavada Panchayath West : Kuttampuzha Panchayath

Major attractions : Attukal Waterfalls, Pothamedu View Point, TATA Tea Museum, Top Station, Kundala Lake, Eravikulam National Park, Mattupetty Dam, Photo Point, Meesapulimala, Lakkom Waterfalls, Echo Point, Anamudi, Devikulam, Blossom Park and many more places to visit in Munnar.

History

The early history of Munnar is shrouded in mystery. It’s assumed that the local Muthuvan tribes inhabited this area in the beginning came from Madurai around 900 AD. Other tribes like Pallayers, Kaders, Kuruvas and Ooralers were also found here. In 1790, Colonel Arthur Wellesley was the first European to visit Munnar, according to records. Merchants from all over the world came to Munnar over time. In 1870 the resident of the court of Travancore, John Daniel Munro came to Munnar to resolve a border dispute between Travancore and Madras. He discovered that the area is ideal for plantation. The Poonjar Royal family, who were Travancore Maharajah’s subordinates, were in charge of the city. Munro paid a visit to the royal family, where he met Rohini Thirunal Kerala Varma Valiya Raja, the then-head of the royal family. For 5,000 rupees, Munro leased the land for nine years. In 1878 H G Turner and A W Turner realized the potential of the land and joined hands with Munro to form North Travancore Land Planting and Agricultural Society which was later sold and the members of this society developed their own estates in Munnar. Tea was first introduced in 1880 by A H Sharp. Kannan Devan Hills Produced Company was

founded in 1897, and tea plantations were widespread in the region. In 1983, the TATA group bought all of the company’s shares and renamed it TATA Tea Ltd. Munnar’s tourism industry was also thriving at this time.

Most popular Events in Munnar

The climate and tea plantations are the two most important reasons for tourism in Munnar.Trekking and camping facilities make Munnar a unique experience for all the tourists during their visit to this amazingly beautiful tourist destination. Apart from this, you can stay in a tree house or visit the tea plantations for an unforgettable experience. Safari tour of Eravikulam National Park and Shikara ride in Kundala Lake should not be missed by the tourists visiting Munnar.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Munnar is between October to March because of serene weather. One can enjoy the lush green surroundings and also a great time for trekking activities.

Summers (April – June) are a little warm and its fine to visit Munnar during this season. A visit in Monsoon season (July and August) is not recommended due to heavy rainfall, landslides and road blockage.

How to reach

By air: the nearest airport is Cochin international airport located at a distance of 110 km.

: Madurai airport at a distance of 140 km.

By train: the nearest railway station is the Aluva railway station located at a distance of 108 km

: Ernakulum railway station at a distance of 130 km

: Madurai railway station at a distance of 140 km.

By bus   : The Kerala state road transport corporation runs regular bus services to Munnar. NH49 connects with Kochi.

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