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Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

Parambikulam Kerala

Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, which spans 391 square kilometres in the Palakkad district, is one of Kerala’s most famous and attractive tourist destinations. The Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary which had an area of 285 square kilometres nestled between the Anamalali Hills and the Nelliampathy Hills, was created in 1973. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary was added to the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in 2010. The Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary, with its spectacular environment, winding streams, large reservoir, gushing waterfalls, undulating hills and valleys, and abundance of biodiversity, is one of Kerala’s most appealing destinations. The Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary, a natural habitat for majestic tigers, is likely one of Kerala’s few wildlife sanctuaries that permits native tribal people to be engaged as guides for various wildlife activities like hiking, wildlife safaris, and many more for visitors. In addition, unlike other national parks and reserve forests, this magnificent tiger reserve hosts capacity development events and games; it also fosters eco- tourism through its numerous programmes. Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is one of the best destinations for environment and wildlife enthusiasts. You must include this scenic wildlife reserve in your itinerary as this places is home to some endangered and exotic species. You will be able to see here Bengal Tigers, Indian Leopards, Elephants, Nilgiri Tahrs, Nilgiri Langurs, Wild Boar, and many more.

The tiger reserve’s ecotourism activities take place in the buffer zones, avoiding the main regions. Parambikulam offers a variety of chances for tourists to learn about the nature’s wonders. Visitors can make arrangements with the information centre, so that you will be accompanied by experienced forest guides for trekking. Bamboo rafting driven by oarsmen is also an option. The reservoirs are sources of drinking water and motorised boating is not permitted. While residents are permitted to boat and fish on the lake, tourists are not permitted to boat alone on the reservoir. Thoonakkadavu is home to the Kannimara Thekku Teak Tree, which is considered to be the world’s biggest teak tree.

There are several types of lodgings available, including tree-top homes and accommodation within islands, which must be reserved in advance. The information is available on the reserve’s official website. The Forest Development Agency (FDA) provides safari vehicles that take visitors on a safari around the tiger reserve. The tiger reserve does not permit the entry of two-wheeled vehicles.

History of Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

Sungam Forest Reserve and Parambikulam Forest Reserve were separate administrative divisions controlling this forest in the nineteenth century. Extensive exploitation of the forests for valuable timber began in 1886, which was only intensified by the arrival of the tram in 1907. In 1951, the Special Financial Committee abolished it. Based on P.Narayanan Nair’s proposal, the first Teak Plantation Division was formed from the Parambikulam Forest Reserve in 1962. The Sungam Forest Reserve has been renamed Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary by this time. It joined with the already existing sanctuary in 1973, when the teak plantation division was resolved. It has 391 square kilometres of land area.

The tiger reserve has relics of the Cochin State Forest Tramway, which was used to transport timber from the Parambikulam forest to the neighbouring harbour of Kochi, and then to various sites across the world.

Fact files of Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

Taluk : Chittoor

District: Palakkad

State: Kerala

Country: India

Rainfall: Rainfall varies from 1400 to 2300 mm.

Topography: Karimala Gopuram, at a height of 4,718 feet, is the sanctuary’s highest peak. The Vengoli Peak is the most popular among tourists since it is easy to reach and offers the best views of the Nilgiri Tahrs.

Established in: 1973

Drainage: The sanctuary has three man-made reservoirs: Parambikulam, Thunakadavu, and Peruvarippallam.

Attractions of Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

  • “Kannimara”, which is one of the oldest and the largest tree in the world, is found here. The tree is 360 years old.
  • Thuvaiar water fall is a wonderful sight that attracts every visitor.
  • You can visit Medicinal Plants Demo Garden and Interpretation Centre.
  • Three dams constructed during 1950s can be found here.
  • Visitors are more likely to spot wildlife here.

Activities in Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

A wildlife safari and trekking in the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary are a must-do if you want to have the best vacation. Besides these two activities, one may go river boating in the middle of the Parambikulam Reserve, visit Anakkal Vayal, also known as the “dining table of the Parambikulam Tigers,” to observe the tigers, and hike along the Cochin State Forest Tramway, which was built in the 1930s by Cochin Maharajas for transporting teak from Parambikulam to Cochin Harbour.

Jungle Safari

In the midst of stunning environment, sit in a vehicle and enjoy the splendour of the environment. If you are a wildlife lover and wants to explore the jungle, with no hesitation come to Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, a green paradise that offers safaris to visitors.


Parambikulam trekking trails await you.

  1. Bear Path Trail

The Bear Path Track is a 4 kilometre walking trail that begins at ‘Nalayiram Point’ and leads through extensive teak plantations. On the way, you may notice Sloth Bear’s pugmarks. As you proceed, you will reach the feeding ground where sloth bears visit in the early morning. On either side of the route, there are teak plantations and bamboo forests. You will arrive in vast grassland that surrounds a pond. A plethora of bird life can be found here. The trail comes to an end at Anappady.

  • Elephant song trail

This 4 kilometre trek through the evergreen parts of Western Ghats is suitable for people of all ages and this activity brings you closer to the nature.

  • Kariyanshola Trail

This is a 6-kilometer trekking track that begins at Anappady and continues through the splendid deciduous forest of the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve near Palakkad. After a 4-kilometer stretch, you enter the thick forests, an evergreen forest teeming with wildlife. Bamboo rafting and trekking facilities are available here.

  • Pugmark Trail

The Pugmark Trail is ideal for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. Here, your chances of spotting a tiger are really high. The Peruvaripallam Earth Dam serves as the starting point for this 10-kilometer trail. Along the route, you will come across the Kannimara teak, the world’s largest teak and the teak is 460 years old. The path then leads through teak plantations to Thunacadavu and returns to Anappady.


You may also camp here in the paid jungle and natural camps, which offer a one-of-a-kind experience of the forest in its original state. Camping is always enjoyable, which is why the sanctuary offers a variety of camping options.

Bamboo rafting

If you are searching for something a little more interesting to do at Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, consider bamboo rafting.


The Royal Bengal Tiger is one of the reserve’s main attractions, though they are difficult to spot in the thick forest. Many other species of animals may be seen here, including gaur, spotted deer, Asian elephant, birds, reptiles, fishes, and butterflies.

This woodland is a birdwatcher’s paradise, with a plethora of birds to be found. One of the most often seen birds in the area is peacock. The vast forest along the Western Ghats provides favourable environment for wild elephants. Snake can be also found in Parambikulam Tiger Reserve.

Kannimara teak

The gigantic Kannimara teak tree in the forest is a must-see on every visit to Parambikulam. Kannimara teak, renowned as one of the world’s oldest and

biggest teak trees, is a popular tourist attraction in Parambikulam Tiger Reserve. The tree is reported to be more than 450 years old, standing 40 metres above ground and reaching 7 metres in circumference.


Boating at Thunakkadavu and Parambikulam is a wonderful experience and a herd of wild elephants may be spotted in between your boat ride.

Dams and reservoirs

The reserve has three dams on the Parambikulam River: Thunakkadavu, Parambikulam, and Peruvaripallam. These reservoirs are utilised to satisfy Kerala and Tamil Nadu’s irrigation and power generating demands. Crocodiles can be seen here sometimes.

The Best Time to Visit Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

The best time to visit Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is after the monsoon particularly from August to January. The weather is pleasant and ideal for spotting wildlife animals. Some activities are also provided here during this season.

The tiger reserve is open all year, however visiting during the monsoon season is not recommended.


  • Do not hurt or provoke animals
  • Do not feed animals
  • Do not litter

How to reach Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

By air

The closest airport to Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is Coimbatore Airport, which is around 93 kilometres away. Regular flights link the airport to major Indian cities. Visitors can catch a bus or hire a cab or private vehicle after arriving at Coimbatore Airport to reach the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve.

By train

Coimbatore Railway Station is the nearest railway station to Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, located 96 kilometres away. Visitors from major Indian cities and other districts can reach Coimbatore station and then take a regional bus or a cab from here to the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve.

By road

The Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is close to Pollachi, a charming town. Visitors may reach the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve by taking a bus from this town or by hiring a local taxi.

Nearby towns: 38 km from Pollachi; 84 km from Coimbatore; 100km from Palakkad

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