Wayanad which is known as the green paradise is nestled in the mountains of the Western Ghats. Wayanad, which covers an area of 2132 square kilometres, is rich in culture and history. Wayanad is well known for its spectacular and mesmerising beauty. Plantations, forests, and wildlife abound in this lush beautiful place. Wayanad is also known as the spice garden of south. Misty hills, cool climate and pristine forest make Wayanad an attractive and a unique experience. The name Wayanad comes from the phrase ‘Vayal nadu’, which means ‘the village of paddy fields.’
Wayanad district (one of the fourteen districts in Kerala), situated on the southern tip of the Deccan plateau is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Kerala. The magnificent Western Ghats with lofty mountains and rough terrain, thick woodland, and deep ravines are peculiar features of wayanad‟s geographical location. The Wayanad hills are connected to Mudumalai in Tamil Nadu and Bandhipur in Karnataka, creating large land mass where wild animals can roam freely in their natural habitat.
Wayanad promises a pleasant climate a year round. Wayanad’s misty surroundings provide a variety of trekking, plantation visits, and wildlife tours. Wayanad is famous for its extensive camping and hiking trails, stunning waterfalls, bird-watching sites, caves, flora and fauna and a multitude of spectacular sights. Spices, tea, coffee, bamboo products, honey, and herbal plants are among the exotic products available in Wayanad. Kanthanpara Waterfalls is a popular tourist attraction in Wayanad that attracts visitors across the globe. Wayanad also invites you to marvel at the breath-taking beauty of Karapuzha Dam, Pookode and Karlad Lake. Cheengari Rock Adventure Center is a must-see destination for adventure lovers. The Edakkal Caves are another must-see in Wayanad. The caves are two natural rock formations that are thought to have been created by a large crack in a massive rock. The interior carvings are stunning.
The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, founded in 1973, is bordered on the north- east by Karnataka’s Nagarhole and Bandipur, and on the south-east by Tamil Nadu’s Mudumalai. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which was developed with an aim of preserving the region’s biological heritage. The sanctuary’s management prioritises scientific conservation while also taking into account the lifestyle of the tribal and others who live on the forest’s outskirts.
Facts about Wayanad
Headquarters : Kalpetta
State : Kerala
Country : India
Total area : 2132 sq. km
Borders of Wayanad : Malappuram to south
Kozhikode to the south-west Kannur to the north-west.
Karnataka to north and north-east Tamil Nadu to the south-east
Major Attractions: Edakkal Caves, Kuruva Island, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Banasura Sagar Dam, Tholpetty Wildlife
Sanctuary, Chembra Peak, thirunelli temple, Chain Tree, The Bamboo Factory, Soochipara Falls, Neelimala View Point, Phantom Rock, Kanthanpara Waterfalls , Karapuzha Dam, Pookode, Karlad Lake and many more.
Top Attractions in Wayanad
Banasura Sagar Dam
The Banasura Sagar dam in Kalpetta, Wayanad, is the largest earth dam in India and the second largest in Asia. Banasura dam across the Karamanathodu River, a tributary of the River Kabini is located in the beautiful Banasura Hills. The dam was named after King Mahabali’s son, Banasura.
Kuruva Island is an ideal place for everyone who wishes to take a break from the hustle and bustle of the city. Kuruva island or kuruva dweep situated in the middle of Kabini River consists of a group of islands. Kuruva Island is a protected river delta with a wide variety of flora and fauna. The geographical peculiarity of Kuruva Island makes it the best tourist destination with its greenery and peaceful ambience. Covering an area of 950 acres of land, Kuruva Island is an inhabited island which is home to exotic species of orchids, birds, herbal plants etc. During rainy seasons, entry to the island is restricted (from June to September). The island is open from October to May, with a small entry charge.
Edakkal cave is famous for its unique Stone Age carvings in India. The Edakkal caves are historically and archaeologically significant because they contain carvings belonging to Neolithic and Mesolithic age. Edakkal caves are known for their pictorial paintings or cave paintings that date back to 6000 B.C. These caves situated on Ambukutty mala are 1200 meters above the sea level. The name “Edikkal” means „a stone in between’ which precisely describe its creation. This location is a must visit for trekkers.
Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, popularly known as Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary is established in 1973. Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary is a rainforest which covers an area of 345 sq. km connects between Karnataka‟s Nagarhole and Bandipur parks and Tamil Nadu‟s Mudumalai.
Pookode Lake is a beautiful freshwater lake in Wayand nestled between forests and Western Ghats. Pookode Lake which spans over 13 acres with 40 meter depth is one of the most attractive tourist destinations. Tourists can experience a serene ambience and splendid environment at this stunning lake. Pookode Lake takes the shape of Indian map. A plenty of freshwater fishes and blue lotus promises a visual treat for the visitors. Wild animals, monkeys and birds approaching lake from the surrounding forests is also a major attraction. Pethia Pookodensis is a species of cyprinid fish, is said to be exclusive to this location.
Tourists can use the boating facilities at Pookode Lake. There is availability of pedal boats. Boating on the lake and viewing breath-taking scenery is an once-in-a-lifetime experience. You can also visit the freshwater aquarium, children’s park, and can go to shopping centre for buying handcrafts and spices.
It is often recommended to visit Pookode lake at dawn or dusk.
Chembra Peak in Wayanad is a great place to visit if you are a nature lover and adventure seeker. The Chembra Hill, located eight kilometres south of Kalpetta, near the town of Meppady, is Wayanad’s highest peak with a height of 2,100 m.
Staying in a tree house is one of the best things to do in Kerala. Wayanad is the best location in the state for this. You will find some packages in the city where you can stay in a charming wooden house and participate in activities such as rock climbing, trekking, rappelling, and nature walks as part of the package.
Kanthanpara Waterfall is a captivating attraction that is nestled between two lush green tea plantations. The trails that lead up to the waterfall are ideal for nature walks, and the scenic location is perfect for camping. The attraction’s charm is irresistible, and it offers an excellent diversion from your hectic lifestyle.
Chain tree is a famous ficus, with many myths linked to it. One myth is that a local tribal youth who gave the route to a foreign engineer for constructing the road was shot by the engineer. It is believed that his spirit is around the tree and causing accidents on the hair pin curve. According to another legend, The Adivasi Mahouts brought the British to the top of the mountains when they first arrived in Wayanad. They didn’t want the Mahouts to go back and get the Portuguese because the Portuguese were behind them. As a result, they killed the Mahout, whose spirit roamed the town, causing mishaps. Later, a local priest tied the spirit to the tree with a chain.
Soochipara Falls is a three-tiered waterfall in Vellarimala, Wayanad. It is also known as Sentinel Rock Waterfalls. This beautiful 200-meter-high waterfall features a cliff face perfect for rock climbing. In addition, as the water from the waterfall creates a wide pool, one can swim and bathe in it.
Vythiri is a small town in the Wayanad district of Kerala that is surrounded by dense rainforest. Vythiri‟s Spice plantations and indigenous tribal groups are well-known. Vythiri is a popular tourist destination for adventures, trekking, and for unwinding in the town’s tranquil beauty.
The pre historic caves, enchanting streams, rivers, greenery and forest trails are some of the major attractions of Sultan Bathery, which was a famous strategic location in the Wayanad district.
Thirunelli temple dedicated to lord Vishnu is admired for its architectural beauty and the temple‟s name is recorded in many Hindu scriptures.
Lakkidi View Point
Lakkidi view point is a famous tourist destination in Wayanad is also known as the ‘Gateway to Wayanad’. The view of sunrise and sunset from the Lakkidi view point is the most beautiful sight that one cannot be missed. At a height of 700 meters, Lakkidi view point remains misty and promises a spectacular view of the hairpin.
Pakshipathalam Bird Sanctuary
Pakshipathalam bird sanctuary has a wonderful population of birds living in their natural ecosystem. Pakshipathalam bird sanctuary is a location preferred by bird watchers, nature lovers and campers as well.
The verdant natural vegetation and the majestic Meenmutti waterfalls can be seen from Neelimala Viewpoint. Trekking through these exciting misty trails amidst the tranquil environment and chirping sounds of birds is a popular activity in Neelimala Viewpoint.
Puliyarmala Jain Temple
Puliyarmala Jain temple, built in 13th century is one of the oldest Jain temples in puliyarmala in the Wayanad district of Kerala. Puliyarmala Jain Temple is dedicated to Tirthankar, Ananthanatha Swami. It is also known as “Anantnath Swami Temple.” The beauty and mastery of Jain architectures is explicitly showcased in the construction of Puliyarmala Jain temple.
Karapuzha Dam is one of the largest earth dams in India. Karapuzha Dam is located in the Wayanad district is an ideal habitat for aquatic birds as well as a charming tourist destination with beautiful streams, hills, scenic landscape and islands.
Poopoli Wayanad Flower Show
Every year in January, Ambalavayal in Kerala hosts the Poopoli National Agri fest and Wayanad Flower Show, which marks the start of the New Year. It is Kerala’s largest flower event, and it serves as a platform for exhibiting horticulture and floriculture’s most recent trends and techniques.
Wayanad Heritage Museum
The Ambalavayal Heritage Museum, also known as the Wayanad Heritage Museum, is an archaeological museum with an outstanding collection of artefacts from the region’s tribes. It houses a fascinating array of rare artefacts from the second century. Devasmruthi, Gothrasmruthi, Veerasmruthi, and Jeevenasmruthi are the four parts of this archaeological museum. Each block contains a variety of artefacts that represent the bygone era‟s wisdom as well as the simple way of life.
Chethalayam Waterfalls is a seasonal waterfall in Kerala, located in Wayanad. The mesmerising waterfalls, which cascade down a cliff, are also a common bird-watching location. Spotted deer, sambar, gaur, elephants, and sloth bears are among the animals that can be seen here.
Kalpeta, a beautiful town in Wayanad is surrounded by tea plantations and mystic hills. Kalpetta is well-known for its strategic location, as it is surrounded by well-known tourist attractions and natural attractions such as Chembra Peak, Meenmutty Falls, and Pookode Lake.
Varambetta Mosque is one of the oldest architectures in Wayanad. For those who come to visit, it is neat and well managed. Varambetta Mosque, constructed in honour of a Sufi saint is open to all tourists, regardless of caste, religion or ethnicity. In March, there is an annual festival held in the mosque where people from all over Wayanad come to participate, regardless of their religion.
Seethe Devi Temple
The Seetha Devi temple located in Pulpally in Wayanad is exceptional because it is the state’s only temple dedicated to Sita’s children, Lava and Khusha.
Goddess Sita is the temple’s chief deity, and the temple and its shrine are connected to legends of Ramayana. The temple pond is one of the oldest and legend has it that Sita vanished into the earth here.
Koottamundu glass Temple situated in the hills of Vellarimala, which is made up of thousands of glass mirrors, lives up to its name and is ideal for an extraordinary experience. Koottamunu Glass Temple was built to honour the famous Jain saint Parshawanatha Swami and is regarded as a significant pilgrimage site for Jains.
Meenmutty Falls is the second largest in Kerala and one of the largest in Kalpetta. In addition, it is one of Wayanad’s most exciting and stunning natural attractions. Climbing through the rocks to reach this breath-taking location is an once-in-a-lifetime experience that has made this a popular tourist destination.
E3 Theme Park
E3 theme park is situated in Vellamunda near Wayanad in Kerala. A variety of adventure and fun activities are here in this park which include Moss Garden 12D Theatre, huge Kid‟s Park and Magnetic Free Fall.